Transplantation of Bone Marrow Cells Preactivated With Sodium Nitroprusside Improves Acute Wound Healing in Rabbits.
Fatima N, Saleem M.
The international journal of lower extremity wounds. 2021; (): 15347346211029078

Abstract

The development of wound healing impairment mainly represents challenging clinical problems. The less and high concentrations of nitric oxide can influence angiogenesis, remodeling, and proliferation of skin cells. Delayed acute wounds generally have failed to progress via the normal stages of healing. Such wounds usually enter a state of pathological inflammation due to a postponed, incomplete, and uncoordinated healing process. This study aimed to investigate the effect of normal bone marrow cells (BMCs) and preconditioning of BMCs with minimum concentrations of sodium nitroprusside (NaNP) solution for acute wound healing. For acute wound healing, full-thickness dorsal wounds were created on rabbits. The acute wound of rabbits was treated with BMCs and preactivated BMCs with NaNP. Histological results showed that BMCs preactivated with NaNP could improve collagen deposition, enhanced reepithelization, and decreased inflammatory infiltration. Overall, BMCs treated with NaNP can help to improve acute wound healing in rabbits. The result strongly confirmed the beneficial effect in augmenting the wound healing process. The combination of BMCs with NaNP was safe and convenient for acute wound healing.



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