|Research advances on how metformin improves memory impairment in "chemobrain".|
Alhowail A, Chigurupati S.
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(1): 15-19
Cognitive impairment caused by chemotherapy, referred to as "chemobrain," is observed in approximately 70% of cancer survivors. However, it is not completely understood how chemotherapy induces cognitive dysfunction, and clinical treatment strategies for this problem are lacking. Metformin, used as a first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus, is reported to reduce the effects of chemobrain. Recently, several studies have examined the effect of metformin in rescuing chemobrain. This review discusses recent clinical/preclinical studies that addressed some mechanisms of chemobrain and evaluates the effect of metformin in rescuing chemobrain and its potential mechanisms of action.