|Evaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of an eGlycemic Management System in a Community Hospital Setting.|
Bouldin MG, Hong B, Setji T, Greenlee J, Cooper A, Thompson J, Capes K.
Journal of diabetes science and technology. 2021; 15(2): 236-241
BACKGROUND: Glucommander is an eGlycemic management system (eGMS) for intravenous (IV) and subcutaneous (SQ) insulin therapy in hospitalized patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Glucommander compared to previously utilized nomograms in the community hospital setting. METHODS: This study was a retrospective, single-center cohort study comparing measures of efficacy and safety of IV and SQ insulin therapy via eGMS versus nomogram-driven IV insulin therapy followed by provider-ordered basal-bolus SQ insulin. The primary efficacy endpoint was percent of blood glucose (BG) readings per patient in target glycemic range. Safety objectives were percent of hyperglycemic events, hypoglycemic events, and severe hypoglycemic events after achieving target blood glucose range, and mean number of each event per patient. RESULTS: The percentage of BG readings in range was significantly higher for eGMS patients (n = 110) than comparison cohort patients (n = 108, 84.6% vs 76.8%, P < .001). Hyperglycemic events occurred for significantly fewer patients in the eGMS cohort relative to the comparison cohort (81.8% vs 92.6%, P = .03). Overall, there was no significant difference between cohorts in rate of hypoglycemic events, but hypoglycemic events while on IV insulin occurred in a significantly higher percentage of eGMS cohort patients than comparison cohort patients (30.9% vs 15.7%, P < .01). There were no significant differences in incidence of severe hypoglycemic events. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found that Glucommander maintained a higher percentage of BG readings in target BG range per patient compared to previously utilized nomograms. This result was driven by an improvement in hyperglycemia, but not hypoglycemia.