|Insulin-Dependent Status Influences Post-Procedural Outcomes in Diabetic Patients Following Lower Extremity Endovascular Intervention for Peripheral Arterial Disease.|
An TJ, Cochran RL, Di Capua J, Reid N, Walker TG.
Cardiovascular and interventional radiology. 2021; ():
PURPOSE: Diabetic patients are at increased risk of developing lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) requiring revascularization. This study assessed the effect of insulin dependence in diabetics on post-procedural outcomes following infra-inguinal endovascular intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The American College of Surgeon's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to identify 8022 patients undergoing infra-inguinal endovascular interventions between 2014 and 2017. Thirty-day post-procedural outcomes for patients without diabetes, with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), and with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) were compared. RESULTS: At presentation, IDDM patients were more likely to present with critical limb ischemia compared to NIDDM and non-diabetic patients. In propensity score-weighted logistic regression analysis, IDDM status was an independent predictor for increased renal complication (odds ratio [OR] = 3.08, confidence interval [CI] = 1.44-6.65), sepsis (OR = 1.68, CI = 1.13-2.48), wound complication (OR = 1.57, CI = 1.09-2.25, p = 0.006), UTI (OR = 2.07, CI = 1.09-3.94, p = 0.03), and readmission (OR = 1.21, CI = 1.03-1.42). NIDDM status was an independent predictor for increased risk of renal complications (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.18-6.63). CONCLUSIONS: IDDM status is an independent predictor for increased risk of 30-day post-procedural complications and readmission compared to both NIDDM and non-diabetic status in patients undergoing lower extremity endovascular interventions for PAD.