|Prevalence of Common mental disorders in older adults: Results from the National Mental Health Survey of India.|
Sinha P, Hussain T, Boora NK, Rao GN, Varghese M, Gururaj G, Benegal V, .
Asian journal of psychiatry. 2021; 55(): 102463
OBJECTIVE: We estimate the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD) among older adults and compare them with that of younger adults at the national level. METHOD: We analysed data on older adults from the National Mental Health Survey of India undertaken across 6 regions and 12 states of India during 2015-16. Multi-stage cluster sampling technique was adopted which permitted state level and subsequently pooled national estimates. Mini International NeuroPsychiatric Interview (MINI) adult version 6.0 was used for measuring psychiatric morbidity. RESULTS: Older adults had a higher lifetime (6.93%) and current (3.53%) prevalence of depressive disorders as compared to the younger adults (4.96% and 2.54%). There was no difference in the prevalence of anxiety disorders in different agegroups. The most prevalent anxiety disorder in older adults was specific phobias (1.72%) followed by agoraphobia (1.6%). All CMD in the older population were more common in females, those living in urban metros, the unemployed, who were not currently married and those with lower household income. DISCUSSION: These findings support planning better mental health policies and programs for older adults in India. CI - Copyright (c) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.