Phytochemical analysis and fabrication of silver nanoparticles using : An efficacious and ecofriendly control tool against selected polyphagous insect pests.
Baranitharan M, Alarifi S, Alkahtani S, Ali D, Elumalai K, Pandiyan J, Krishnappa K, Rajeswary M, Govindarajan M.
Saudi journal of biological sciences. 2021; 28(1): 148-156

Abstract

Globally, the farmers are struggling with polyphagous insect pest, and it is the number one enemy of agri-products, which made plenty of economic deterioration. Spodoptera litura and Helicoverpa armigera are the agronomically important polyphagous pests. Most of the farmers are predominately dependent on synthetic chemical insecticides (SCIs) for battle against polyphagous pets. As a result, the broad spectrum usage of SCIs led a lot of detrimental outcomes only inconsequently the researchers search the former-friendly phyto-pesticidal approach. In the present investigation, leaf ethanol extract (LEE) and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) of A. catechu (Ac) were subjected to various spectral (TLC, CC, UV, FTIR, XRD and SEM) analyses. Larval and pupal toxicity of A. catechu Ac-LEE and Ac-AgNPs were tested against selected polyphagous insect pests. The significant larval and pupal toxicity were experimentally proven, and the highest toxicity noticed in AgNPs than Ac-LEE. The larval and pupal toxicity of Ac-AgNPs tested against S. litura and H. armigera LC50/LC90 values were 71.04/ 74.78, 85.33/ 88.91 microg/mL and 92.57/ 96.21 and 124.43/ 129.95 microg/mL respectively. Ac-AgNPs could be potential phyto-pesticidal effectiveness against selected polyphagous insect pests. In globally, it is significantly sufficient ratification giving towards the prevention of many unauthorized SCPs. CI - (c) 2020 The Author(s).



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