|The study of Raddeanin A cerebrovascular endothelial cell trafficking through P-glycoprotein.|
Wang YY, Jiang CF, Liu X, Li JN, Cai GZ, Gong JY.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2021; 559(): 222-229
As one of the natural triterpenoids isolated from Anemone Raddeana Regel, Raddeanin A (RA) has been confirmed to possess therapeutic effects against multiple tumorigeneses, especially for the onset of glioblastoma and growth in human brains. However, the mechanism by which this happens remains poorly understood in terms of the vascular endothelium trafficking routine of RA through the brain-blood barrier (BBB). To seek such answers, human brain microenvironment endothelial cells (HBMECs) were used to stimulate the microenvironment in vitro, and to explore the intracellular accumulation of RA. The results of this experiment illustrated that RA has a relative moderate transport affinity for such cells. The kinetic parameter Km was 37.01 +/- 2.116 muM and Vmax was 9.412 +/- 0.1375 nM/min/mg of protein. Interestingly, protein downregulation of P-glycoprotein (P-gp, ABCB1/MDR1) significantly activated RA transmembrane activity, which proves that P-gp is responsible for RA cellular trafficking. In addition, the selective non-specific inhibitor, LY335979 increased either RA or the classical substrate of P-gp, digoxin, intracellular accumulation by restricting the transporter's function but without jeopardizing cytomembrane proteins. Moreover, a decrease in the expression or activity of P-gp triggered RA drug resistance to HBMECs. In summary, our data showed that both the expression and function of P-gp are all necessary for RA transmembrane trafficking through cerebrovascular endothelial cells. This study provides significant evidence for the presence of a connection between RA transport and P-gp variation during drug BBB penetration. It is also suggesting some vital guidance on the RA pharmacodynamic effect in human brains. CI - Copyright (c) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.