Determination of semicarbazide residue in human urine samples using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
Yang H, Jiang X, Wang Y, Li C, Hang L, Huang W.
Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment. 2021; (): 1-9

Abstract

An ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) with pre-column derivatisation was developed and validated for the determination of semicarbazide in human urine. Urine samples were derivatised with 2-nitrobenzaldehyde and subsequently extracted with acetonitrile. Extracts were concentrated and then analysed by UPLC-MS/MS. The time per run was 7 min. Good results were observed for the linearity of matrix-matched calibration curves (R(2) > 0.99) in the concentration range of 1-100 microg/L. The absolute recovery ranged from 98.7% to 108.6%, with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 2.2%-3.6%. The limit of detection and quantification for the semicarbazide was 0.5 microg/L and 1 microg/L, respectively. The method showed good extraction efficiency, high sensitivity, and good reproducibility. It was suitable for the detection of semicarbazide in human urine. Residues of semicarbazide were between 1.0 and 41.5 mug/L in children's 24-h urine. This work is the first report on the quantitative analysis of SEM in 24-h human urine samples.



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