Synergistic effect of extrusion and polyphenol molecular interaction on the short/long-term retrogradation properties of chestnut starch.
Zeng X, Zheng B, Xiao G, Chen L.
Carbohydrate polymers. 2022; 276(): 118731

Abstract

The retrogradation properties of starch are closely related to the processing quality of starch-based foods. In this study, the synergistic effects of extrusion and the presence of polyphenols on the water distribution, rheological properties and short-term (1 day)/long-term (21 day) retrogradation of chestnut starch paste were investigated. Post extrusion complexation with catechins (CC)/proanthocyanidins (PC), the short- and long-term retrogradation were both inhibited and the anti-retrogradation rates (AR) during 1 and 21 days were as high as 100% and 44.17-69.30%, respectively. Owing to the destruction of starch chains by extrusion and interaction between starch and polyphenol molecules, the approach, entanglement and aggregation tendencies of starch molecules were all inhibited, which decreased the relative crystallinity (RC), flow resistance and storage modulus of starch paste and also increased the water-holding capacity. The starch retrogradation was thus suppressed. These results are beneficial for the development of starch-based products with high quality and lower retrogradation rate. CI - Copyright (c) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



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