|Prevalence of Genetically Modified Soybean in Animal Feedingstuffs in Poland.|
Sieradzki Z, Mazur M, Król B, Kwiatek K.
Journal of veterinary research. 2021; 65(1): 93-99
Introduction: Globally, genetically modified (GM) crops were grown on 191.7 million hectares in 2018, which were mostly sown with soybean, maize, cotton, oilseed rape, and rice. The most popular traits introduced through genetic modification include herbicide and pest insect resistance. The aim of this study was to identify and quantify genetically modified soybean used in animal feed in Poland. Material and METHODS: This research was based on the real-time PCR technique. All methods for GM soybean events were adopted from the EURL GMFF database of methods and previously verified to meet the minimum criteria of acceptance. Over 15 years of research, 665 samples were examined in total. RESULTS: The most common GM soybean event was MON40-3-2, tested for from the beginning of the investigation. Next, in decreasing order of frequency, were MON89788, MON87701, and A2704-12. In the majority of samples (606; 91%) GM soybeans were identified at a content level above the 0.9% GM content threshold for mandatory labelling. Only 59 soybean samples (9%) were identified as GM negative. GM negative results were mainly identified during the analyses in the last three years of the study, from 2017 to 2019. Conclusion: Our data clearly indicate that the majority of soybean used in Poland for animal feeding was genetically modified. CI - (c) 2021 Z. Sieradzki et al., published by Sciendo.