Synthesis of zwitterionic polymer modified graphene oxide for hydrophilic enrichment of N-glycopeptides from urine of healthy subjects and patients with lung adenocarcinoma.
Bai H, Zhang B, Cheng X, Liu J, Wang X, Qin W, Zhang M.
Talanta. 2022; 237(): 122938

Abstract

As one of the most common and important post-translational modifications, protein N-glycosylation plays essential roles in many biological processes and have long been considered closely correlated with the occurrence and progression of multiple diseases. Systematic characterization of these disease-related protein N-glycosylation is one of the most convenient ways for new diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic drug target discovering. However, the biological samples are extremely complex and the abundance of N-glycoproteins are especially low, which make highly efficient N-glycoprotein/glycopeptide enrichment before mass spectrometry analysis a prerequisite. In this work, a new type of hydrophilic material (GO-pDMAPS) was prepared by in situ growth of linear zwitterionic polymer chains on the surface of GO and it was successfully applied for N-glycopeptide enrichment from human urine. Due to the excellent hydrophilicity and the facilitate interactions between this GO-pDMAPS and the targets, a total of 1426 N-glycosylated sites corresponding to 766 N-glycoproteins as well as 790 N-glycosylation sites corresponding to 470 N-glycoproteins were enriched and identified from urine of healthy subjects and patients with lung adenocarcinoma, respectively. Among which, 27 N-glycoproteins were expressed exclusively and 4 N-glycoproteins were upregulated at least 3 times comparing with the healthy group, demonstrating the tremendous potential of this new hydrophilic material for large scale and in depth N-glycoproteome research. CI - Copyright (c) 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.



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