|Effect of microcystins at different rice growth stages on its yield, quality, and safety.|
Liang C, Ma X, Liu H.
Environmental science and pollution research international. 2021; 28(11): 13942-13954
Microcystins (MCs) in water for irrigation may damage crop growth and enter food chains to threaten human health. To evaluate the potential risk of irrigation water contaminated with MCs, we exposed rice at each of the seedling, booting, and filling stages to irrigation water spiked with MCs at 1, 10, 100, and 1000 mug/L for 7 days. Afterwards, all rice underwent a recovery (without MCs) till the harvest. Low MCs (1 or10 mug/L) during different rice growth stages did not affect its yield and nutritional quality and had no risk to human health. High-concentration MCs (100 or 1000 mug/L) during the seedling or booting stage caused a larger decrease in the nutritional quality and yield of rice grains than that during the filling stage. In addition, MCs at 100 mug/L during the booting stage or at 1000 mug/L during the filling stage potentially threatened human health. The effect of MCs on rice yield, quality, and health risk was associated with the MC concentration and rice growth stage. Irrigation water contaminated with moderate-concentration MCs should be of concern at the early growth stage of rice.