Evaluation of Diarrhea in Patients with COVID-19.
Comoglu Ş, Öztürk S, Kant A, Arslan M, Karakoc HN, Yilmaz G.
Digestive diseases (Basel, Switzerland). 2021; ():

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The COVID-19 disease, which was declared epidemic by the World Health Organization (WHO), is a global emergency public health problem. Patients with extrapulmonary symptoms are the group of patients who should be considered for person-to-person transmission in the community. In our study, it was aimed to investigate the characteristics of patients with COVID-19-related diarrhea symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted retrospectively in COVID-19 rtRT-PCR-positive patients in five medical centers. 3 or more loose/liquid stools per day or increased number of defecations compared to normal defecation were defined as diarrhea. The patients were analyzed in two groups as those with and without diarrhea. RESULTS: 1086 patients were included in the study. 78 (7.2%) of the patients had diarrhea. Diarrhea was watery in 54 (69.2%) patients while with blood and mucus in 18 (23.1%) patients. Diarrhea continued for an average of 5.2+/-1.6 (2-11) days. The clinical and laboratory findings of patients with diarrhea were more serious than those without diarrhea. Diarrhea is more common in the elderly and people with comorbid disease, and patients with diarrhea had higher CMI score and CRP and higher complaints of fever, cough, shortness of breath, myalgia and fatigue. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of diarrhea should indicate a suspected COVID-19 infection and suggest testing for early diagnosis of the disease. It should be kept in mind that the course of the disease may be more severe in these patients and precautions should also be taken in terms of fecal transmission during discharge. CI - (c) 2021 S. Karger AG, Basel.



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